HamyangYeossi Graveyard

HamyangYeossi Graveyard

  • Name: HamyangYeossi Graveyard
  • Designation number: Seoul-si tangible cultural asset 80
  • Date of designation: December 24th, 1991
  • Era: Chosun era, 15th century
  • Size and format: 1,025㎡(2 graves, 1 tombstone, 2 upper seats, 4 stone seals)
  • Owner: HamyangYeossi clan gathering
  • Location: Seoul-si Guro-gu Gocheok 2-dong san 6-3
  • Transportation: Bus number 94. From 109 Gaebong station, use village bus going toward Gocheok high school
  • Telephone : 02-2617-1417
 

HamyangYeossi graveyard contains the grave of the ancestor of HamyangYeossi, named Yeogye, which is on the top, along with the grave of his wife in the lower area.

The progenitor of HamyanYeossi was from China and lived in Korea under the name Yeoumae. He originally obtained a bachelor's degree as a royal archivist in Dang county, avoiding Bull's rebellion, and came back to Shilla in the third year (877) of King Heongang. He lived in Byukjin myun, which is located in the Gyeongsangbukdo Seongju gun. He also took a position called Gongjojunsuh in the Goryeo era.

Yeogye was the son of a person named Yeoching(1351~1423), who was the Minister of War from the late Goryeo era to early the Chosun era and also held positions entitled Hojojwarang and Hojochampan in the era of Taejong. He passed away in the third year of Sejong (1421), and the grave was prepared in the 10th year (1428) of Sejong. His wife’s last name was Shim, originated from Cheongsong, and was a grand daughter of Baekduk Shim, a minister back in previous times, and a daughter of Eugoo Shim who held the position of a judge.

In the graveyard, there are two graves, one tombstone, two upper seats, and four stone seals. This is a tomb that indicates that a memorial service was held before the grave in the early Chosun era. Memorial stones and podiums are used as precious data that support a study on the format of graves in the early Chosun era.

Graveyard of the couple Soonjung Ryu and Hong Ryu

On a hill located in Guro-gu Oryu-dong San 43-31, San 43-32 mountain that is 26,531㎡ in total area size, there are eight graves from seven generations including one for the couple Soonjung Try and Dongkwon Ahn, one of the three heroes of Joongjongbanjung and one for five generations of their offspring (Sapil Ryu, Joon Ryu, Joonggwang Ryu, Shik Ryu, and Soon Ryu). This place once belonged to Geyonggi Bupyunghoboo in the Chosun era, changed to Gyeonggido Bupyunggoon Sootanmyun in 1896 (33rd year of Gojong) and to Gyeonggido Bucheongoon in 1914. It transferred to the area of Yeongdengpo-gu in Seoul in 1963 and finally ended up belonging to the newly established Guro-gu in 1980.

This grave originally was established in an area 300 million in size that ranged from the currently named Guro-gu Oryu=dong, Onsu-dong, to Gyeonggi-do Buchun-shi Yeowoldong and Jakdong after sending inner and outer coffins of Jangsaengjun and at the same time, he has led three days of chuljo according to an example of poor poem by Wonjong Park when Soonjung Ryu, the previous prime minister of the Joseon Dynasty as a special title holder called banjunggongshin, passed away at the age of 53 in 1512 (the seventh year of Joongjong era).

On San 43-31 in Oryu-dong, far from the grave of Soonjung Ryu, for 80 meters toward the southwest, there is the grave of Ryu's son, who was recorded as holding title of junggookgongshin fourth grade. There is also a grave for the offspring of the next five generations of Hong Ryu underneath the grave of Hong Ryu in the direction of the eastern area that have been transferred from other regions.

The grave of Soonjung Ryu and Hong Ryu was established in the early 16 century as the only grave commemorating two generations. The grave of Soonjung Ryu was established with the keen interest of the whole nation and it is also and an important piece of evidence that shows the manner in which graves for heroes were constructed in olden times.

Structures made of stones in the graveyard display unique features and a vivid type of sculpting, and these structures serve as important pieces of evidence in the study of sculpture. The clothes shown in the stone seal are also important items for the study of clothes in bygone times. In addition, the structure called shindobi that records the personal history and achievement of heroes is important for the study of calligraphy. The grave of Soonjung Ryu and subjects attached to the grave that maintain the original configuration well were designated the 22nd cultural assets on August 20th, 2004, and the clan gathering of families with the last name Ryu from the Jinju area was designated as stewards of the site.

left-Grave of Soonjung Ryu / right-Grave of Hong Ryu

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담당부서 : 대외정책담당관 대외정책팀   |   담당자 : 박경아 [Tel. : 02-860-3413]

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